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Posts tagged ‘judah’

Faith – A matter of UNDISPROVABLE Belief!


Faiths are built on these two cornerstones:

1. Unprovable Beliefs

2. Undisprovable Beliefs

Even the auto correcting dictionary of my iPhone is underlining the word UNDISPROVABLE.

What is so difficult for the human mind to accommodate ‘Undisprovable’ as a word, when Unprovable is already a part of the vocabulary of a decent dictionary?

To get to the Undisprovable, one has to have gone beyond the parameters of Time, which are History and the Senses. An idea or a piece of history, which cannot be found out either through the writings of contemporaries or through remains of an archaeological discovery, or not palpable to the senses, are UNPROVABLE , but if an assertion of a fact is mentioned relating to the same period, even if the asserter is unable to prove, the leg on which that Fact stands would be UNDISPROVABILITY.

When such an undisprovable fact is sanctified through revered religious voices, these facts get set as FAITHS.

For example whether Soul exists at all, is not as important as to whether it is a provable fact as much as whether it is an undisprovable fact.

Many charlatans and many sages have asserted facts which fall in this category – Undisprovable fact. But believing in some, have led to salubrious effect on the society and some beliefs have led to deleterious effects. The effects have to be seen on humanity at the individual level, and not on a group, vis à vis an undisprovable fact.

This is the reason why in most of the Modern Laws, the person who asserts a fact has to prove it. If he doesn’t succeed, that assertion is not considered a proven fact.

Let us take one of the most mysterious happenings in the history of Israel- the reign of Abijam or Abijah, the son of Rehoboam, the son of King Solomon, the son of King David.

He ruled only for a period of three years, according to the Kings as well as the book of Chronicles, from the Bible.

I prefer to call him Abijah, as the ending ‘jam’ doesn’t sound good to my ears, for a man’s name. Abijah is engaged in a very decisive war with Jeroboam – the founder of the Kingdom of Israel minus the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. A very capable man who threatened the peace of Solomon, but ran away to Egypt and stayed till the death of King Solomon. Upon his return, he is set up as the King by the ten other tribes against King Rehoboam, the Foolish. Grandson of King David, he neither inherited the skills and cunning of his grandfather, nor the putative “Wisdom” of his father King Solomon.

King Solomon himself was mostly responsible for the plight of Rehoboam. King Solomon died with the kingdom’s coffers dry, replenished only through exacting taxes imposed. Added to this were his advisors, who were hotheaded young men. Why Rehoboam should have had hotheaded young men, as advisors, at an age of 41 years, would be a good question, but no undisprovable factual answer could be adduced from the text of the Bible. With such a flawed inheritance and a bad governing attitude, Rehoboam falls a victim to the creation of the ten tribes. Worse still is the fact that Rehoboam, who boasted that the girth of his little finger was thicker than his father’s waist, listens to a prophet stating that the division was from the Lord and Rehoboam accepts that meekly.

Rehoboam was so enfeebled that he had to accept that decision of the ten tribes, because of his own weakness.

Abijah did not accept this so called “came from God” theory and gives his own explanation to Jeroboam and his forces of 800,000 men of war. Abijah says that by a covenant of salt, the whole kingdom of 12 tribes were given to King David and his heirs in perpetuity by God, and that his father, Rehoboam while he was still young and tender hearted, couldn’t withstand the vain men and sons of belial, whom Jeroboam, the servant of Solomon, had threatened Rehoboam with! At one stroke, Abijah demolished the past, present and future of Jeroboam. Words which talk of the pedigree of a servant disobedient to the word of God, disobedient to the king, a thug, and taking advantage of a newly anointed but an inexperienced king!

None, none in the Bible is spoken to in such terms. Abijah strips Jeroboam with his address. Meanwhile, Jeroboam had started encircling the mount on which Abijah had set his army in array. Abijah further adds that, since Jeroboam, as the scum of the Israel, had dared to fight the God’s anointed, God would fight the war on behalf of Abijah.

The fact as reported by the Chronicler is that 800,000 enemies were to be countered by an army half the size, yet Abijah was not trying to be ‘wise’ like Rehoboam and accept the loss of 10 tribes as God designed, as propounded by the dispersed levitic prophets! But invoked the name of God and was willing to stake it out against a much bigger force. A proposition not considered wise in any warfare. Mysteriously, how Abijah won this war is not mentioned except that God gave victory to Abijah. It was not a mere victory, it was a slaughter, 400,000 men utterly slaughtered 500,000 men and Judah gets back Bethel and vast swathes of land in Ephraim – the tribe of Jeroboam! It was a 125% slaughter. You may choose to believe it or not, but i chose to believe it, not because i am a newly minted fan of Abijah, but because it took the next king of Israel Baasha 35 years, to start the first war with Asa, the son of Abijah! That was also not a war but an act of effrontery of starting construction in Ramah, which was the traditional lands of the tribe of Judah.

If it took 35 years for the kingdom of Israel to recover, some deep injury must have been inflicted by Abijah. In those 35 years, the tribe of Israel was hobnobbing with the Syrians. Asa builds, rather rebuilds the diplomatic ties with Syria, by sending gold and other precious things to Benhadad and breaks those pre-existing ties between Syria and Israel – reminding Benhadad of the earlier ties which, Asa claims as having existed between his father, Abijah, and Benhadad’s father!

So now let us get to the UNDISPROVABLE FACT!

So how did four hundred thousand men rout eight hundred thousand men? Worse still how did they manage to kill five hundred thousand men?

Asa says his father Abijah and the father of Benhadad were allies! In that short span of three years of Abijah’s kingship, he is not reported to have been engaged in any big battle, except for the fact that border skirmishes had taken place. Nothing so decisive as the one which happened in the mount Ephraim, had taken place!

In the meanwhile, the Book of Kings states that the Prophet Iddo had written about Abijah. But history says all his writings have been lost for good – as of now‼️

In this scenario, why cannot i insert a highly probable history, that Abijah had already built an alliance with Benhadad’s father, regarding which Jeroboam was not aware of. And as Jeroboam was surrounding the mount, why can’t i say that there were Syrians who had been lying in wait behind the encircling Israelites?

Why can’t i say that Israelites did not want the Chronicles of Iddo to survive, after Ahab and Jehosaphat became allies! Especially after both the Kingdoms became United through matrimonial alliances during the reign of Ahab?

Am i not entitled to start stories like Dan Brown’s DA VINCI CODE– which merely are stories which have taken bits and pieces of facts from the Bible and strung together EMBOLDENED only based on the UNDISPROVABILITY of those assertions?

Yes, i have the Liberty, so does everyone, but discretion is required by the reader to distinguish between what is an UNDISPROVABLE fact and a highly probable fact.

But beyond all this, if i assert a Faith, i don’t have to stand on facts- but we have to ensure that our faiths do not disturb others’ Faith. That’s the bedrock on which all Faiths are to be ‘bedrocked’ not merely laid.

Did Joseph’s brothers sell him to the Ishmeelites?


There is a series of intended acts narrated at Chapter 37 of the Book of Genesis, which culminates in the sale of Joseph.
I don’t think that anyone has more facts than anyone else except as narrated in the said chapter, which I consider pivotal in determining the human trafficking of Joseph which takes place in Dothan, where Jacob’s ten brothers had meandered into from Shechem with their flock.

The fist part of evil intent is expressed by the sons of Bilhah and Zilpha, the maid servants of Rachel & Leah, who when they sighted Joseph afar discussed among themselves that if they killed Joseph, they could put an end to the fulfilment of Joseph’s DREAMS.
Who were the sons of Bilhah & Zilpah?
Dan and Naphtali were Bilhah’s; and Gad and Asher were Zilpah’s children by Jacob. Essentially the four sons who conspired to kill the dreams of Joseph were these four boys born to the maids of Jacob’s wives.
From the narration it is clear that these 4 were in the outer, if we look at the formation of the wives and children of Jacob when they were arranged by Jacob to meet Esau, his bother, at the vanguard were these two maids and their 4 sons. The middle was Leah and her six boys; and the rearguard comprised of Rachel and her two sons Joseph and Benjamin.
This formation must have been the hierarchical structure within the brothers too.
It is clear that they could PROPOSE BUT CANNOT EXECUTE WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF RUBEN.
Ruben heard the conspiracy and tells these four to desist from killing Joseph but to keep him in the pit so that Ruben could rescue Joseph later.

From the narration it is clear that Judah enters with his own proposal of selling Joseph to the Ishmeelites who were on their way to Egypt with their spices and myrrh sourced from Gilead.
When Judah and his brothers were waiting, Midianites pull out Joseph from the pit and sell Joseph for twenty pieces of silver to the Ishmeelites.

28 Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.

But there arises a contradiction at the end of the chapter wherein it is mentioned as follows:

36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh’s, and captain of the guard.

Therefore, the ultimate sale is made in Egypt by the same Midianites to Potiphar.
So what is this arrangement between Ishmeelites and the Midianites?
I believe in speculation that after retrieval of Joseph from the pit, the Midianites who were merchants in articles did not want to take up trading in slaves nor were they into human trafficking, which involved controlling the human being, guarding, feeding and marching him to Egypt, which they as merchants didn’t want to get embroiled in, consequently the Midianites must have sold Joseph for 20 pieces of silver with the assurance that if the Ishmeelites were to successfully bring Joseph to Egypt, the Midianites would get Joseph sold to someone at a good price, which would not only make good their 20 silver but fetch a better price including the cost of transporting joseph and a handsome profit over and above their initial investment. The Midianites would also get a commission on the final sale price.
Wonderful arrangement it seems.

So Ruben returns and finds that Joseph was not in the pit. What was his reaction?

Was Judah with his elder brothers Simeon & Levi the types who would have meekly left the scene without any money?
I guess not.
There is enough room to spin a big Hollywood story on this missing link.
Ruben is astonished that Joseph was not in the pit. Look at Ruben’s reaction, quite sincere:

29 And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
30 And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go?
31 And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;

Ruben is astonished and he is bothered more about how he would answer their father Jacob. The story is spun, the multicoloured coat which the maids’ boys had stripped was drenched with blood and presented to Jacob, as if Joseph was killed by a wild animal on his way to meet his brothers.

There is no effort by the four boys of the maids nor is there any mention of Simeon. In the latter chapters it is shown how Joseph had kept Simeon as a pledge till Benjamin was brought to him. Why Simeon? Simeon and Judah were the FORCE, the brutal force of the twelve and they were a pair. Joseph with all his experience in the most trying circumstances had learnt that these two HAD TO BE SEPARATED and by a master stroke separates Judah from Simeon, while taking Simeon as a pledge.
So from Chapter 37, the persons who were responsible for the sale of Joseph were Judah, Simeon, Dan, Naphtali Gad and Asher.
Ruben was kept ignorant and like a chief executive who is only worried about his charge, upon a credible alibi propounded by the conspirators abandons his pursuit of facts.
Levi was absent and the other two boys Zebulun and Issachar were probably hoodwinked by their powerful siblings Judah and Simeon.
But did Judah and Simeon make a part of the money out of the 20 silver coins?
For all we know, it could have been these two who had shown the boy in the pit to the Midianites to rescue Joseph and later enter into an arrangement with the human trafficking Ishmeelites.
Maybe Judah used the ill-gotten silver to obtain his wife Shuah, which appears in the very next chapter. A much older Judah is seen with bracelets, staff , all those accoutrements of a dandy when he went after his own daughter-in-law, whom he thought as a harlot‼️

Let us look at Joseph’s version

Chapter 40
15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews:

Joseph says he was STOLEN and nowhere does he say that he was SOLD BY HIS BROTHERS, that is probably because joseph didn’t want to belittle his older siblings in the eyes of the superior Egyptians. But later in chapter 45 when Joseph makes himself known as Joseph to his brothers he says thus:
5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life.

Joseph’s verdict is that ‘they had sold’
But not before Joseph brings two of his brothers to super time trouble. Simeon was bound and kept for at least 6 months, as only 2 years had expired at the time when joseph made himself known to his brothers.
Secondly, Joseph humbles Judah to such an extent that he makes Judah tell Joseph that he be taken as a bond man instead of Benjamin.
Joseph, who was perceptive wouldn’t have done these to Judah and Simeon, if they had been blameless.
Definitely, Judah and Simeon were the boys who benefitted by the sale and pretended as if the Midianites rescued Joseph and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites.
Why am I leaving out Levi? Levi teamed up with Simeon in the matter of Dinah in respect of Hamor of Shechem, but there was a gross injustice involved of using force to rape Dinah and in this case, Levi wouldn’t have involved himself in such a despicable deal. Simeon was up to any violent deal and Judah’s line of reasoning was always ‘profitability’. Considering these traits I am inclined to believe that Judah and Simeon were responsible for an operation amounting to a sale with the active assistance of the Midianites,  disguised as an act of stealing which happened when they left the boy Joseph in the pit‼️

Joseph’s brothers in jail for 3 days!


What is indigestible to my sense of proportion regarding the Christian clergy, is their skimming over facts to sustain their impression of certain Biblical characters.

Joseph, whose history finds narration in the late 30’s and early 40’s of the Book of Genesis, is gilted by the preachers to purvey their notions of Joseph. My mom, was so fascinated by those homilies that she decided to name me after him, which for me has turned into a double jeopardy! One I am supposed to be WISE, EFFICIENT & SPOTLESS like the Genesis Joseph. Secondly, others expect me to be meek like Mary’s husband and the foster father of Jesus. Both the Josephs hardly did anything to deserve what they got!

Ten of his brothers wanted to put Old Testament’s Joseph’s dreams to test, in the New Testament matter, an angel convinced him that the child of Mary was of the Holy Ghost and not through fornication. Both the Joseph’s would have been happier had they not been put through what they had been put through providence!

The caption of this blog is with specific reference to the Joseph of the Old Testament. The preachers I’ve listened to have emphasised on three major points : IMPECCABLE PERSONAL LIFE OF JOSEPH; DILIGENT IN WHATEVER WAS ASSIGNED TO HIM; finally, HIS HOPE WITHOUT ANY ASSURANCE FROM THE CIRCUMSTANCES HE FOUND HIMSELF IN! The three points are all true, but the preachers fail to talk of how Joseph incarcerated his 10 brothers, including Ruben, for three days and close to a year Simeon!

That was what made Joseph an able administrator! He had a long memory and he carpe deim-ed superbly well, when he was offered a slight chance! He believed in his OWN DREAMS & DID NOT LET GO OF A HALF-CHANCE, WHEN IT LENT ITSELF TO HIS VIEW!

Ruben is supposed to have tried to save Joseph from his brothers, by first recommending his assignment to a pit for later recovery, instead of killing Joseph. Meanwhile the rapacious Judah, devises to get more out of the lad, than merely getting Joseph out of the way by selling Joseph for twenty shekels of silver to the Ishmaelites!

Joseph, as narrated in Genesis, was inescapably under the control of murderous, rapacious and lying brothers, except for Ruben. Joseph puts him also in jail for three days, hoping Ruben would sprout a spine. Joseph gives an intense treatment to his ten brothers, of what he himself had to go through hopelessly for more than a decade, clutching at a hope that the Cup bearer of the Pharoah, would get him out through a timely word slipped to the Pharaoh while offering his heady potion! All his efforts had been in vain. Nothing brought him the intended results within the expected time frame, which in lesser mortals could have nibbled away their Hope! Joseph persisted, by hindsight it is easy to say that he was able to sustain his hope because of his innocence. Only two people knew about his culpability, joseph being the one, and the other being Potiphar’s wife!

When he got his brothers, excepting Benjamin, he got them by what hurt them most. When the sh** hits the roof, each is on his own, in keeping with that old adage, the brothers call into remembrance their guilt of not having been kind to the desperate pleas of their stripling brother Joseph. Three days in the cooler and each cracks up – JAILED IN AN ALIEN LAND, where the Egyptians believe that they are superior to the shepherdic Jews(?)- there were hardly 70 jews by then- alive.

Joseph, gets each one to pay for his heartlessness or complicity to it. The best part was, Joseph separates Simeon from Levi! What an administrative genius. Joseph keeps them apart for close to a year! Joseph makes Judah mellow down and keeps Simeon incommunicado from his other brothers. Joseph doesn’t even reveal to Simeon that he was Simeon’s brother, till they all return for the second trip.

What amazes me is Joseph’s assessment of people and situation coupled with restraint when clothed with absolute power. Joseph was one who disproved Lord Acton’s off quoted saying on POWER, long before the saying came in!

It is time Christian preachers taught the willing, such aspects of the Jewish history instead of packaging Joseph as an icon for encapsulating their pet half-baked guilt theories!

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