This was a dynasty which was set up by Ghiyassudin Thuglaq and the second ruler in the dynasty was Mohammed Bin Thuglaq.
When the second king in the dynasty ruled the predominant part of India, then in the 14 th century, he undertook a study tour of India- the territories in the present day India which had accepted his suzerainty.
After going through his study tour, this Thuglaq arrived at one of the self discovered principles which he cogitated upon.
During his visits to the towns and villages in India, he noticed that the cows were fed well with cotton seeds and oil-extracted cakes for the milk that was taken out of the cows. Many families made a living out of it. But he also noticed that there were bulls, which had not been made into oxen which were roaming the streets of the villages and towns and were also having a good life though apparently, they had not contributed to the economy of the country. So this Thuglaq, the second in this dynasty, called Mohammed Bin Thuglaq came to a conclusion that these bulls which were roaming around unmolested had to be not just marginalised but has to be decimated.
When Thuglaq voiced his opinion in this matter, he was informed by his courtiers that these bulls were all temple bulls and were gifted by their owners and people revered them and gave it bananas and other eatables from time to time, as such this ‘idea’ of decimating those bulls were undesirable.
It was further informed that these bulls were let loose as nobody wanted to take up the burden of feeding these unproductive bulls. The Second Thuglaq thought, why privilege these bulls when the oxen which have not only gone through the process of painful gelding and also involved in human affairs as draught animals on a day to day basis.
But there were a resentful lot of advisors to this Second Thuglaq who encouraged him to fulfil his resolution and pass a firman that in a given day, all the bulls roaming in the streets are to be impounded and killed and their carcasses disposed of as manure to the fields.
The firman was issued and on a given day all the bulls in India were impounded and slaughtered and disposed of as commanded.
Mohammed Bin Thuglaq was very happy that there was no cattle which was feeding in his country which did not do any apparent work.
The second Thuglaq went back to Delhi, as he had not thought of shifting his capital to Daulatabad by then.
Happily he went to his harem and was sporting with the women in his harem, when not long after the execution of his firman, he heard a lot of mooing by cows in the vicinity. He quickly called his vizier and asked for the reason for such incessant mooing.
The Grand vizier returned after verifying and told the Sultan: My Matchless Sultan, the cows have come to heat and there are no bulls left in the country to cover them. Hence this incessant mooing.
The Sultan asked the Grand Vizier: why did you not tell me that when I ordered all the bulls to be executed?
The Grand vizier replied: My matchless Sultan, you convinced us that these bulls have been having a good time without contributing to the economy of the country. As you are more pleased with people who are aligned with your ideas, none ever thought of weighing the pros and cons of those decisions. Hence our minds never went that far. In fact in our Court we do not have a Devil’s Advocate – a person who views the decisions from the other point of view, as you had consistently eliminated those voices of restraint as voices of dissent.
The Sultan was stunned, he said to himself even though my ideas were for the good of the Nation, why should such things happen?
He called his scribes and told them to proclaim that bulls from Europe – the fresians and the Belgian breeds had been ordered to be imported so that there would be two bulls of such breed in every village and maintained at the cost of the Delhi Sultanate.
The people read the proclamation and were exhilarated at the far reaching acumen of the Mohammed Bin Thuglaq, the Second in the Thuglaq dynasty. The people were very happy and they were waiting for those Fresian, Belgian and other European bulls to arrive. Meanwhile, his scribes were told to let loose another idea that these bulls which sire would bring about calves, which when they become cows ( if they became one) would give them a triple yield of milk. The Sultan called those dead bulls as nondescript bulls. The people got accustomed to the mooing of the cows with a fervent hope that the Fresian and Belgian bulls would arrive anytime.
The effect was that the cows went barren and the prices of milk shot up, till the male calves became bulls by the next three years and got into the field of its forebear bulls- The nondescript bulls.
Still the Sultan never consulted those voices of restraint and still called them the voices of dissent.
The rest of the history as to how the Second Sultan of the Thuglaq dynasty shifted his capital to Daulatabad; how he made copper coins out of the silver coins are well known.