Here Charitable Individualism is the key!… nothing less.

Posts tagged ‘AURANGZEB’

MUMTAZ & AURANGZEB


I know of none, including myself, who could imagine Aurangzeb in the arms of his mother Mumtaz.

Everyman is  predominantly a product of his Times. We as commoners imagine that all children have, at sometime or the other, been carried about in the arms of their mothers, but when it comes to being the most favoured spouse of the Emperor of India ( that comprised of major parts of present day India+ parts of Afghanistan + Bangladesh+ Pakistan+ Burma), with a retinue of attendants, servants, menials etc etc., at her call always, it is quite possible that the child would be carried by the nurses and brought to the MFQ (Most Favoured Queen) at feeding time alone.  So that she could be allowed the luxury of keeping the Badshah seduced and dependant on her.

Mumtaz had apparently an enviable life, but to maintain that is not so easy. She, according to Historians, was careful not to breed regal sons through other harem women, so that they would not come to war with her own children. What she was ensuring was merely that, may the best of my Sons make it as the Emperor. And by hindsight, we have to conclude that Aurangzeb was the best.

Even Shah Jahan, made it to the throne of the Mughal Empire with the help of Mumtaz’ father, who sanitized the way to the throne by eliminating the potential Challengers, while Shah Jahan was still on his way from Deccan. One of the potential challengers was Shah Jahan’s own brother, who was favoured by Nur Jahan.

I am not at all surprised that Aurangzeb was Mumtaz’s son, and a true blue one at that, that he kept up the promise that his maternal Grand father had exhibited. I see more of the Maternal side of RUTHLESSNESS in his behaviour, than the genial temperament of his forebears like   Babur,  Akbar and Jehangir.

But my innate sense of the ROMANTIC IMAGE built about Mumtaz, the Taj and Shah Jahan revolt within me to make way for REALISM. The images are so over powering that i cannot visualize Aurangzeb having been in the arms of Mumtaz Mahal.

AN OVERPOWERING IMAGE THAT BROOKS NO REALITY!!

Advertisements

MUMTAZ AT AGRA!


Agra. The very word evokes ROMANCE.

Shah Jahan had chosen his bride

Mumtaz, who was his soul mate.

The one who not only frittered

his time, but littered.

Only Mumtaz littered for Shah Jahan,

hoping that uterine siblings don’t fight unto death.

The fool Shah Jahan believed

& in deference to her charms, acquiesced!

Shah Jahan aids Dara,

Aurangzeb serves it up at Kashmiri Gate.

Aurangzeb cuts off water to Shah Jahan

Gets the Badshah to his knees.

Shah Jahan spends his last days sighting

The Taj instead of ruling the Empire!

Alas, the POISONED WEED had bloomed

In the pool of the Regal Romance.

HEROD & DAVID


Consolidating one’s REIGN and passing on the KINGDOM to one’s own children has been one of the greatest pre-occupations of the Emperors, Kings and Satraps.

Anyone who reads THE PRINCE by Niccolo Machiavelli, would be persuaded that the RULERS down the ages have been the most ruthless in pursuing the abovementioned objective. The title of the blog HEROD & DAVID might be, at the first look, seem as if i am likely to contrast their styles in the pursuance of the said objectives, but on the contrary this blog is aimed at comparing the deeds of the the most loved king and one of the most despised rulers of Israel.

Herod was merely a tetrarch of a part of the dominion of Israel (which was under the Roman rule), but David was a king for the whole of Israel for at least 33 years leaving out the 7 odd years he ruled from Hebron. Further, if Herod had not been the Tetrarch coinciding with the birth of Jesus, he would have merely been a footnote to history.

Herod, as per suspicions available in history, got his brother murdered and married his brother’s wife- as was the custom, to raise the seed of the dead bro! Her name was Herodias and she had a daughter Salome (the subject matter of the play by name SALOME, by Oscar Wilde). One day Salome performs a dance before Herod and naturally, Herod is very impressed with his niece’/step-daughter’s performing art,that he promises to give her anything that she desires. Salome, true to her filial duties, asks her mom Herodias to name the prize. In the meanwhile, there is a Prophet by name John the Baptist, who had been condemning Herod & Herodias’ relationship, therefore  Herod had put him in jail.

Salome. as advised by her mom Herodias, asks for the head of John the Baptist. As usual, the ruler cannot go back on his word, so promptly gets John the Baptist executed and serves his head on a platter to Salome.

STRATEGY:Every incident has to be construed as a strategy, especially when the thing sought has no apparent benefit. Herodias must have known how Herod got rid of his brother and was probably afraid that upon the daily insistence of John the Baptist, Herod might repent some day and get rid of Herodias along with his sense of guilt. She did not want the conscience of Herod awakened. Therefore getting John the Baptist killed would, besides stifling the VOICE OF JOHN THE BAPTIST, secure her position in the hierarchy, even after she loses her feminine charms.

The whole Christendom despises Herod and Jesus calls him a FOX.

Let us cut back and see what  David did, to secure the kingdom for his off-springs . It was no less lethal.

Saul, the first King of Israel, dies in the battle and his son Ishbosheth ascends the throne, but not for the whole of Israel, as David rules a part of Israel, from Hebron for 7 years. There was a tribe(?)/people from Gibeon who were not a part of Israel but were in the midst of Israel. These Gibeonites were slain by Saul (II Samuel chap.21 ), and in any case were waiting for settling scores with the house f Saul. There was a famine in Israel for 3 years, and David asks God the reason for the famine. Thankfully for David, God says that it is because of what Saul did to the Gibeonites that the famine was upon Israel. Now the time came for the Fox to give judgement on the chicken. The Gibeonites were asked what David shud do, so that they bless Israel and the famine depart. Predictably, the Gibeonites ask of 7 sons of Saul to be handed over to them for them to kill those sons.

David is the sole authority to decide as to which 7 children of Saul to be handed over. David leaves out Mephiboseth s/o Jonathan (s/o Saul) on the grounds that David had sworn to geal mercifully with Jonathan’s house. In any case Mephiboseth was not a threat to David as he was lame in foot and was kept in David’s palace, so that none could rally around him and stake kingship!

David in a masterstroke hands over the two sons of Rizpah and 5 sons of Michal. Rizpah was the concubine of Saul and was a spunky woman. But Michal was spunkier. Michal had been betrothed to David for 100 foreskins ( that means this item could be had only from an uncircumcised non-abrahamite) but later married off to another man. Like a lion that kills the cubs of the lioness that had littered thru another lion, before fathering its own cubs, David eliminates all the children of Michal. Whether they were her children or not, is not clear from the Bible, as it also says that Michal did not conceive- whether after she was brought to David or before is a conundrum!

STRATEGY: Michal was King’s daughter and David was the king, therefore there was every reason for the Israelites to rally around the doubly ROYAL SEED, if any!!! So eliminate them and pave way for his children thru other women only.

Even today justice is given in the name of God. Aurangzeb eliminated his opponent brothers thru the due process of Justice. Dara Sikoh was executed by Aurangzeb, on legal principles.

Susima, the elder brother of Ashoka the Great, also did to Ashoka, what Dara did to Aurangzeb (instigating the father against the son). In due course both Aurangzeb and Ashoka got their brothers executed. But history highlights the fratricide of Aurangzeb and glosses over the fratricide of Asoka.

Likewise, David’s acts of killing the children/grand-children of the previous king Saul is glossed over, but the act of Herod of killing John the Baptist is highlighted in history.

The reason is simple David and Ashoka repented and showed their contrition towards the latter part of their lives. But Herod was arrogant till the end, and Aurangzeb was glorifying his self-righteousness, instead of showing CONTRITION.

“JUDGE NOT A MAN, TILL HE IS DEAD” , says the Wise One.

ACCORDINGLY, WE JUDGE THE REPENTANT ONES FAVOURABLY, BUT THE SELF-RIGHTEOUS AND THE WICKED WE DESPISE , AND ALSO GIVE NEGATIVE PUBLICITY.

AURANGZEB!


If one wants a different take on  the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, other than the one  that is  mostly believed, then one should necessarily go through the  blog’s link provided below:-

http://i-irat.blogspot.com/2007/10/aurangazeb-bad-ruler-or-bad-history.html

The TRUTH of all the averments made therein are difficult to refute and much more difficult to prove. Hence each is left with one’s proclivities to believe any of the history, that is made available to us. If one were to go by the writings of Niccolao Manucci (1639–1717),  then it is imperative to believe that Aurangzeb was careful about how history was written.

According to me, the moment a person is too careful as to what people of repute write, then either he changes his behaviour or if -he has the power- he gets such things written that would be favourable.

If one were to read THE GREAT MUGHALS by Abraham Eraly, when the court historians asked Aurangzeb as to how History has to be written regarding his ascension after the death of Dara, Murad and Shuja ( Aurangazeb’s uterine brothers), he is supposed to have said  as per Manucci that YOU KNOW HOW TO WRITE HISTORY AND HOW DARA DIED FOR HIS APOSTASY, SHUJA FOR HIS REBELLION & MURAD THROUGH HIS CARELESSNESS! Could a court historian dared to have written anything contrary to the perceptions and beliefs of the Emperor? So relying on such documents as GOSPEL TRUTH, is foolhardy.

Be that as it may, the point that i’d like to talk about is that WE INDIANS ARE NOT ABLE TO RECONCILE THE BASIC IDEA THAT A MAN WHO KILLED THREE OF HIS BROTHERS AND IMPRISONED HIS FATHER, RULED THE LARGEST LANDMASS OF INDIA UNINTERRUPTED FOR FORTY NINE YEARS! THEREFORE OUR BELIEF IN GOODNESS, KINDNESS, PEACE & RECONCILIATION TAKES A SEVERE BEATING.

The reconciliation is very simple- Aurangzeb was an exception to the general rules of GOODNESS. He was born in November and at that time it was stated to have been predicted that his birth was not good for his father! Whether this was written after the imprisonment of Shah Jahan or before must be interesting.

Secondly, there must have been other predictions also. I recall the predictions given at the time of the Travancore king  Sri Chitirai Thirunal: one predicted that he would lose his kingdom and the other said that he would annex his neighbouring kingdom also. By hindsight we know that both happened SIMULTANEOUSLY!

Sri Chitirai Thirunal’s kingdom had to cede to the Indian Union, shortly after C.P.Ramaswami Iyer was unceremoniously chased out of the Travancore state. At that moment the titular placebo of RAJPRAMUKH was conferred on him of both the Travancore and Cochin states. So both the astrologers were RIGHT and in spirit the one who predicted that he would annex the neighbouring state was wrong. Because, at the time of his prediction that MUST HAVE MEANT A THING THAT WAS NOT ENTIRELY TRUE IN THE FUTURE, THE WAY IT MUST HAVE BEEN IMAGINED!

What i like of Aurangzeb’s LIFE is that he used the three concepts that were never exploited with such fierceness ever:

1. Administration of the Kingdom

2. Religion

3. Austerity

When he imprisoned his father, he cited that Shah Jahan had spent too much time on the pleasures of life and therefore never had time for administration of the affairs of the state.

Religion was profusely used for the conviction of Dara; unifying Muslims by imposing JIZIYA;  and showing himself as  pious and also strong.  He liked to be addressed by Murad as   HAZRAT (His  Holiness!)

Austerity was not a cost cutting measure, but made a way of life to discourage any emotional expression. Music and mirth were banned in his court! Any exuberance was not allowed.

I like his prescriptions as they all denied LIFE in different forms and made life in the Mughal Court UNIPOLAR, thereby hastening the depletion of life.

One of the main reasons for the disintegration of the Dynasty was that the Indians who were used to and impressed bythe Mughal OPULENCE, were not impressed by the MUGHAL AUSTERITY and imagined in their hearts that they could defy the Mughals after the passing away of the brutal emperor.

BESIDES, ARJUMAND @ MUMTAZ MAHAL DID NOT ALLOW THE OTHER WOMEN TO BRING FORTH CHILDREN FROM THE ROYAL SEED OF SHAH JAHAN, BECAUSE SHE FEARED THAT HER CHILDREN WOULD FIGHT OTHER WOMEN’S CHILDREN OVER THE CROWN AND THEREFORE ZEALOUSLY ENSURED NO PREGNANCY BY OTHER WOMEN.

ALAS, WHAT HAPPENED WAS THAT HER OWN CHILDREN FOUGHT OVER THE KINGDOM TILL DEATH!

WOMAN PROPOSED AND GOD DISPOSED!!!

Tag Cloud