The reference is to the Bible and for authenticity’s sake I reproduce the relevant passages from the KJV: Ch 4:
9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand;12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear.14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
So that’s the whole story relating to the “mark of Cain”.
That Cain is a murderer was known to God; Cain did not answer back God with any self righteousness when God answered Cain’s question AM I MY BROTHER’S KEEPER?
That Cain was the murderer is a known fact to any reader, but nowhere did Cain confess.
God did not set about proving Cain’s guilt, as just Abel and Cain were there in the field and one was missing. The cry of the blood was the proof!
Straight a way, God delivers a judgement. Only in the case of the Serpent that God did not use the Audi alteram partem rule! God never gave the Serpent a hearing, God convicted and sentenced without a hearing. Interesting thing was that the Serpent had “beguiled” Eve – that was its guilt! The sentence may look disproportionate but, as Othello says: ” lest she betray more men” the Serpent was punished disproportionately lest she beguile more women!
There are creatures and humans who deserve no hearing. Coincidentally, in both the cases, the ‘beguiling’ and the ‘murder’, there were only two persons when the alleged instances of beguiling and murder took place. There was no third person and God rightly dispenses with the Audi Alteram Partem rule and pronounces the judgement based on the nakedness of Eve and the crying of the blood of Abel. Wonderful!
But in our theme why did God put the mark on Cain?
Notwithstanding the sentence, Lord’s mercy being immense, God puts a mark on Cain and warns others that those who slay Cain would have a seven fold sin of Cain. Therefore I believe that God wanted none to allay the murderer of the pangs of being murdered. What Cain saw of the suffering of Abel while dying was probably haunting him and became paranoid of someone inflicting the same on him! Cain couldn’t handle it. God, though didn’t find a repentant Cain, was moved by the fear exhibited by Cain, of punishment by third parties, so God put a mark on Cain as a skull and bones sign.
It is not as if in this generation there are no Cains with Marks of Cain, they sure are there, UNREPENTANT, but afraid of the punishment, yet crying to God daily. So let us recognise that we may not be able to read the marks of the contemporary Cains, but lest a sevenfold sin be cast on our backs, refrain from wasting our time hunting those fratricidal fellows.
The reference is to the Bible and for authenticity’s sake I reproduce the relevant passages from the KJV: Ch 4:
A Trojan Horse to smuggle in the syllabus and agenda of a Central Subject of List 1 of Schedule VII of the Constitution of India.
Education at the secondary and Higher Secondary Schools were exclusively in the hands of List 2 of the said Schedule VII, which was moved to the Concurrent List III entry no 25 vide the 42nd Constitutional Amendment, which till date remains the most controversial Amendment of the Constitution.
Armed with this Amendment the Government in charge of List 1 subject, had made in roads into the syllabus of the school education which was exclusively the domain of the Government running List 2.
The framers of the Constitution had applied their minds to give a broad liberal education at the primary and secondary levels so that the cultural identities of the states do not get swamped by the political agenda set by government running the List 1.
So how would the agenda be reset?
Navodaya Schools follow the CBSE syllabus, which is controlled by the government running the List I subjects, they consequently would follow the democratic dictum of the maximum Good to maximum people, which not only COULD but WOULD marginalise the exceptions to the majority opinions.
No effort had been made by the Government running the List 1, to adapt the history of the culture of Tamil Nadu, especially the Independence movement! Even Jawahar Lal Nehru with all his erudition and exposure couldn’t write much about the Madras Presidency’s contribution to the freedom fight in his 1946 The Discovery of India. There is no VOC, no Vellore Fort Rebellion of 1806, no resistance by the various satraps who were running the Tamil areas since the reign of the Nayaks and Zamindars!
Ironically these Navodaya Schools are named after the person who wrote the Discovery!
It is no doubt that Hindi is compulsory in the Navodaya Schools, as the B II level for non Hindi speaking states. That’s about the concession granted, but that is not the issue.
Firstly by allowing Navodaya Schools in Tamil Nadu, which has the stated objective of providing standard education with free boarding facilities to talented rural children, in some states the same are being availed by not so talented middle class urban kids.
Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state, so these Navodaya Schools would have not much impact, they would just become showpieces for kids to flaunt.
NCERT books which form the backbone of CBSE syllabus is to be weighted not on the basis of numbers but based on facts and truth. If one language is declared by a Professor as a Classical language, examine that language and either accept or reject it on intelligible differentia! Not on powerful and majority opinions.
TN gets 4.02% of the shareable revenue from the centre with a population of 7 %. If there’s true concern the Navodaya propagandists should ask for funds for education based on the progress made since independence!
Let the primary and secondary education be reverted back to the List 2 of the seventh Schedule.
Even not knowing Hindi is a qualification in India, otherwise why would have the Tamil Nadu Special Police be the guards in Tihar Jails in Delhi?
Variety is the soul of Liberty.
DRAWING POWER is a power that is a Right, whereas DOING POWER is a power of Liberty. To exercise Drawing power one has to have the resources under his control or command. The resource could be a stored one like money, captive workforce etc. But a Doing power is not something which could be exercised as a matter of Right, it has to be earned through “DOING” something which would attract resources to be put in one’s hands or people may join in and contribute.
Drawing Power is therefore a personal resource at one’s command acquired through effort, by virtue of an office or even as a patrimony or bequest.
The greatness of Buddha was that he forewent Drawing Power as the heir of the Lumbini throne and CHOSE the path of Liberty to pursue the Doing power. The Gautama abdicated his throne and donned the role of a man who started with nothing other than the education his position gave him. Jesus was born with no Drawing Power, yet He, while alive in the flesh acquired a set of followers who propagated His teachings, which in time gained momentum and formed a Religion, which attracted even people like Paul, who was a avowed anti- Christian ! That is the Doing Power. Doing power is available with everyone, not that everyone would reach the level of renown or popularity of the Gautama or Jesus. To cite an example from recent history , Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a great example of the Doing Power. He did not take an insult from the Apartheid pro people in the then South Africa, he quit a flourishing practice of an attorney to take up the cause of Liberating India from the clutches of foreign rule. To that intent he DID many things which galvanised a movement. The Tilaks, VOCs and Pal’s were resisting and did something, but the galvanising didn’t happen, it was Gandhi who was able to do it. May be the time had come for it during Gandhi! I do not subscribe to such fatalistic cosmic timeless perception on any Doing! Gandhi nailed it. Probably, even though Gandhi could have aspired to have become what he became, I’m sure that when he started, he COULDN’T HAVE HAD THE ASSURANCE OF SUCH GALVANISATION! That’s the point.
In the Doing Power, it is the Faith and Effort, which matter. The fruits of such labour is not guaranteed and most people don’t start as there are no guarantees.
When I see a cobbler sitting on the street and waiting for his next customer yet sewing up a new footwear for a future customer who hasn’t yet ordered or met him, he’s not idling his hours but gainfully deploying his Time with Hope. That’s the Doing Power. At every level Doing Power works, it is not capital intensive but could be Labour intensive.
Most of the people having DRAWING POWER prescribe ‘doing’ to others thereby breeding more administrators like Pharisees who in the guise of perfection goad their doers to excel and produce better products and once the products are made, the meagre wages are paid to the doers and the product is removed by those Drawing powered persons and sold at abominably high profits at a jurisdiction to which the Doing powered people may not have knowledge or access. But the Doing Powered people have to realise that it is their skill and craft which is spreading joy and happiness not the Trader’s racketeering! The Trader acquires goods not for its value but for the profits he could make out of someone else’ skill, which may give him the Drawing Power but never ever the skill of Doing power.
The greatest have always struck a good balance between the two and eschewing undermining the Doing power of anyone.
Liberty to listen to the Sirens is not merely a Liberty, but a Right acquired through Leadership.
Ulysses couldn’t have obtained the Compliance of his comrades to have wax fixed in their ears had he not been considered a useful and benevolent Leader. Ulysses’ comrades not only agreed to have their ears plugged with wax to disable them from listening to the Sirens, but obtained their approval for exempting himself from such ear plugs.
What Ulysses won was his Liberty to listen, cherish and even ethereally be transported with delight listening to the Sirens.
Having been made aware of the music and death, from Circe, Ulysses got his Liberty of motility restricted by getting himself tied to the mast and ordering his comrades not to untie him till they had crossed the island of the Sirens.
In true democratic fashion, Ulysses imposed a disability which would have allayed the scepticism of his comrades denying them what he himself wanted to relish.
May be in Voltaire terms it was a masterstroke of leadership when he imposed a disability on himself, as Voltaire says in his ‘Philosophical Dictionary’ thus:
“To succeed in chaining the multitude you must seem to wear the same fetters.”
But to what effect was this Liberty of Ulysses put to use?
He heard something which none had survived to tell.
That may look simple in the first flush, but it is those songs which move one’s standards higher. I’m sure, Ulysses would never have been impressed with the music of any troupe or person thereafter. He reached the next level of perception, denied to the underlings.
But to survive not only one has to have the Liberty, but the Leadership to afford an opportunity to go near the Isles of the Sirens ( without the galley or the sails and sailors there is remote chance of Ulysses reaching the isles); have the courage to tell one’s followers to deny what he didn’t deny himself; and finally leave instructions to tie him to the mast and not to untie him, come what may, till the Isles are past.
When all that is achieved, one succeeds in surviving after hearing the untold!
When I watch rich kids flaunting their flashy cars and unbounded swiping of credit cards acquired through their father’s good fortune or effort or skill, or of the last two above like King David, I wonder often, how they are any different from Solomon, the Wise, in impressing the Queen of Sheba? Wise Brats, who probably would leave their kids with a disgruntled and rebelling workforce, little realising that Future, a merciless one at that, is always lurking round the corner, striving like Jeroboams to make comebacks!
It is the process of disenfranchising the common man of his Right of Choice, in favour of a Politician and vesting him with an irrevocable Right of Choice on your behalf for a fixed period -excepting for reasons occasioned by institutional crisis- and which when exercised is mostly for personal gains, which metamorphoses into Greed.
Personal Gains is the mother of Greed. Personal Gains starts with the thought: WHAT IS THERE FOR ME IN A PROJECT FOR WHICH TAX MONEY (public money) IS SPENT OSTENSIBLY FOR PUBLIC GOOD. Thereafter, as the appetite grows on what it feeds on, Projects are promoted which fetch inordinate profits for those Representatives of common man’s Delegate.
The above is the worst end of the spectrum of Democracy. Thus Greed is engendered by Personal Gains and the Public becomes the pretext for such gains.
When the old methods of taking gratification for public projects slims out, new methods are brought in revamping the old system. But this delegated responsibility of framing public policy and public spending always leads to corruption.
The best method to sustain a corruptionless Democracy is to have a method of expressing online opinion of informed denizens on policy matters and a sound technical force to execute projects in an efficient and uncompromised way.
Would it ever happen on India. I believe it would, maybe in another 20 years.
The best way to obtain Grace is to educate oneself. Moses was fully trained by the Pharaoh’s homeschool for the Royal kids. They, Moses included, would have received the best education.
In the power struggle with Ramses II, Moses was externed,
Before him was Joseph, he chose to get himself educated in every circumstances- in Potiphar’s hose he became an accountant, a Manager, and a logistics man but Potiphar’s wife wanted to give Joseph an additional burden of being a night watchman in the place of Potiphar! The first jump is always false, and he escaped that snare. In the prison Joseph becomes the storekeeper and doubles up predicting the futures of the co-prisoners, in leisure. So the skills Joseph had acquired through experience takes him to be a candidate for the Governorship of Egypt. The primary exposure to education and knowledge and transcription of their language into a script took place in those 480 years of sojourn at Egypt. Miracles without process are episodic, but there are miracles which happen coupled with human effort could become Institutionalised. The Ten Commandments was written by God, but the second block of the Commandments was written by Moses, a man well versed in all Egyptian learning. When Jesus made clay of his spittle and told the blind man to wash in the pool of Siloam, if the blind man hadn’t made that effort, would the miracle have happened?
If the woman with the issue of blood had not dared to touch the hem of the garment of Jesus, would she have been healed?
If Joseph had not honed his skills in book keeping and strategising on apportioning the provisions when he was at Potiphar’s house or in the jailhouse, would he have had the skill set to run a country like Egypt?
If Moses had not been educated enough to understand the wiles of the Pharaoh in keeping a large group of Hebrews as slaves, would he have liberated them from the Pharaoh?
Had David not built his skills as a slinger, while discharging his assigned duties as a shepherd, would he have struck Goliath in his temple, on a situation fraught with slavery for the community, if one man failed?
If Paul had not been trained under Gamaliel, against Christianity, would he have had the mental wherewithal to counter the sophistry and rhetoric of the Greeks and the logic of Romans?
The examples I had cited are where human effort with hope fructified, but in Jeremiah’s case, God touched his mouth and thereby put His words in Jeremiah’s mouth. In this case, God’s role seems absolute.
God’s angel calls Gideon ‘mighty man of valour’ when Gideon was threshing wheat, away from the eyes of the Midianites. That’s again sanctification if human effort.
David composed lyrics which shows his ability to blend understanding with spirituality in an artistic way.
The above examples proves that God loves the educated, the skilled and those who put on an effort with whatever they have. Christianity, besides Jesus, is built on the Pentateuch, putatively written by Moses; the Psalms, mostly by David and the doctrine/ rules written by Paul. Education formed the basis of all these pillars.
God opens Himself to those who strive for Understanding, of the spiritual kind and their writings have stood the test of Time and inspired generations and continue to inspire and lead many in the centuries to come.
Consequently, Movid believes that Grace is not a word to sweep the conflicts and contradictions of human understanding and make it an unintelligible Idea, but made up of God’s love for human effort with sincerity.
Least of all Grace should NOT BE USED to substitute human understanding. God is good and wants man to strive sincerely in a path which brings good to all. What He would do, give, withhold or inflict shouldn’t be of human concern, it is man’s duty to strive with sincerity.